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介紹關于服裝都有哪些材料

來源:twitoauth.com  |  發布時間:2023年11月21日
所謂服裝(zhuang)(zhuang)材料(liao)包(bao)括服裝(zhuang)(zhuang)面料(liao)、輔料(liao)和(he)各種包(bao)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)料(liao),即組成服裝(zhuang)(zhuang)加(jia)工(gong)的各種原料(liao)的總和(he)。

紡(fang)織纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)材料通(tong)常可(ke)(ke)以(yi)分為(wei)(wei)(wei)兩大(da)類——天然(ran)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)和化學(xue)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)。天然(ran)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)直接來自于(yu)自然(ran)界,又(you)可(ke)(ke)以(yi)分為(wei)(wei)(wei)植物(wu)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)和動物(wu)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei),植物(wu)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)又(you)可(ke)(ke)以(yi)稱為(wei)(wei)(wei)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)素(su)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei),動物(wu)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)又(you)可(ke)(ke)以(yi)稱為(wei)(wei)(wei)蛋白質(zhi)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei),如棉纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)、羊毛(mao)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)、絲纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)等(deng)(deng);化學(xue)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主要是通(tong)過化學(xue)方(fang)法加(jia)工而成,可(ke)(ke)以(yi)分為(wei)(wei)(wei)人(ren)造纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)與合成纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei),人(ren)造纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)的(de)原料主要取自于(yu)木材、甘蔗、牛(niu)奶、大(da)豆、蘆葦(wei)等(deng)(deng)天然(ran)纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)原料;而合成纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主要是用煤、水(shui)、石油(you)、空氣等(deng)(deng)為(wei)(wei)(wei)原料加(jia)工而成,如聚酯纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)、黏膠纖(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)維(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)、滌綸、錦(jin)綸等(deng)(deng)。

天(tian)(tian)然纖維(wei)的紡織面料(liao)具有(you)手感柔軟、吸濕(shi)和(he)透氣性(xing)(xing)比較(jiao)好(hao)的特(te)點(dian),不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)過這種面料(liao)不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)容(rong)易貯藏(zang),如果保(bao)存不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)當很(hen)容(rong)易被蟲(chong)蛀(zhu)(zhu)或者發霉;而化(hua)學纖維(wei)的紡織面料(liao)雖然手感不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)如天(tian)(tian)然纖維(wei)那(nei)樣好(hao),吸濕(shi)性(xing)(xing)和(he)透氣性(xing)(xing)也比不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)上天(tian)(tian)然纖維(wei),不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)過卻具有(you)彈性(xing)(xing)好(hao)、強度高、不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)容(rong)易發霉和(he)被蟲(chong)蛀(zhu)(zhu)等特(te)點(dian)。